Elementary Instrumental Skills and Concepts
The following skills and concepts will be developed during instrumental lessons, in many cases building on what students have already learned in general music classes and experience with the recorder.
•Posture/Breathing- correct posture, playing position, hand position, correct breathing and breath control.
•Tone production- full, characteristic sound of instrument.
•Rhythm- read count and play any arrangement of whole, half, quarter, eighth notes and rests.
•Notes- 4th grade- 5 basic notes and more as possible.
5th grade- one octave chromatic scale and more as possible.
•Articulation- tonguing, slurs, staccato, legato, accent
•Dynamics- p, mp, mf, f
•Tempo- maintain steady tempo. Variety of music in andante, moderato, allegro.
•Time signatures- 2/4, 4/4, ¾. Introduction to 6/8.
•Terms and Symbols- treble clef, bass clef, time signature, bar line, measure, double bar, ledger lines, solo, duet, breath mark, repeat sign, round, tie, key signature, variation, internal repeat, 1st and 2nd endings, slur, divisi, sharp, flat, natural, scale, ritardando, fermata, pick-up notes, orchestration, multiple measure rest, D.S al Fine, D.C. al Fine, syncopation, crescendo, diminuendo.
•Ensemble techniques- follow conductor, understand conducting pattern, follow instructions, stay together with others, adjust tempos and dynamics, listening skills, recognize melodies versus supporting parts. Responsibility of learning part to help ensemble.